“Melancholy” by Edvard Munch — The Athenaeum: Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38127031

“The passions of melancholy doe more strongly worke in the minde of man, then doe those which come of any pleasant and delectable cause.” –from A Method unto Mortification, 1608.

First, to answer the question posed in the title and to make it clear that this is a linguistic, not a medical analysis. The changeover in printed literature actually happened around 1970…

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